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News 14.6.21

Each year, June 12 is observed as World Day Against Child Labour to raise awareness and end child labour on a global scale. Millions of children across the world are deprived of health, education, basic rights, and freedom because they are trapped in the worst forms of child labour such as illicit activities, hazardous environments, slavery, and all forms of forced labour. 2021 has been declared as the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour by the UN General Assembly. World Day Against Child Labour 2021 is the first child labour day being observed since the ratification of the ILO’s Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. World Day in 2021 comes at a time when the pandemic poses the biggest threat of reversing all the progress in ending child labour.

For the first time, the International Labour Organization and UNICEF jointly published a report Child Labour: 2020 global estimates, trends, and the road forwards to end child labour. As per the report, there has been a 38 per cent decrease in child labour in the last decade, however, 152 million children are still trapped in child labour. • Act Now, End Child Labour is the theme for World Day Against Child Labour 2021. • This year, a ‘Week of Action’ will be launched on June 12, 2021, comprising of activities and events that will be opportunities to showcase progress in executing ‘2021 Action Pledges’ for the 2021 International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour. • World Day Against Child Labour was launched by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 2002 with an aim to raise awareness and end child labour on a global scale. • Each year on June 12, the world comes together to take immediate and effective actions to eradicate child labour. • As per the United Nations, approximately one in ten children across the world are trapped in child labour. Since 2000, the number of children in child labour has declined by 94 million however in recent years, the rate has slowed down by two-thirds. • The UN Sustainable Development Goals Target 8.7 focuses on ending child labour in all its forms by 2025. • Countrywise, the UN states that Africa has the highest number of children, around 72 million in child labour. Asia and Pacific regions rank second highest in terms of child labour with around 62 million children trapped in child labour. America, Europe and Centra Asia, and the Arab States account for 11 million, 6 million, and 1 million children in child labour, respectively. • The World Day Against Child Labour 2021 comes at a time when the pandemic poses the biggest threat at reversing all the progress in ending child labour. The 2021 Action Pledges this year will make way to end child labour by 2025. • Individuals, governments, organizations, and everyone around the world can take action and make their 2021 Action Pledge.

🛑A new variant of COVID-19 found in India A new variant of Coronavirus B. has been found in India. It has been detected by the National Institute of Virology, Pune through genome sequencing. The latest variant was isolated from the nasal and throat swabs from travelers coming from Brazil and South Africa. Income Tax Department launches new e-filing portal The Income Tax Department has launched a new e-filing portal to provide a modern, smooth, and more convenient experience to the taxpayers of India. The portal has been integrated with quick refunds and immediate processing of IT returns. Russia pulls out of Open Skies Treaty

Russia has signed a law that formalized the country’s exit from the Open Skies Treaty. The decision was announced after the US informed that it will not be rejoining the treaty. Russia had called the move by the US Government a political mistake. Sunil Chhetri becomes 2nd highest active international goalscorer Sunil Chhetri, the Captain of the Indian Football Team, has become the second-highest active international goal scorer. Chhetri achieved the milestone after he successfully overtook the star footballer Lionel Messi in the preliminary round match of the AFC Asian Cup and FIFA World Cup. Anup Chandra Pandey becomes Election Commissioner Anup Chandra Pandey, the former bureaucrat of UP-cadre, has been appointed as the Election Commissioner. Pandey will join the poll panel as one of the two Election Commissioners. The position was vacant since April 2021, after Sunil Chandra was appointed as Chief Election Commissioner. Prices of COVAXIN, Covishield and Sputnik V The fixed prices of Covishield, COVAXIN, and Sputnik V have been announced by the Center. The announced prices will be charged by the private hospitals across the country. Covishield and COVAXIN have been fixed at Rs. 780 and Rs. 1,410, while Sputnik will be available at Rs. 1,145 per dose. COVID-19 management guidelines released for children The Health Ministry released the guidelines for the COVID-19 management in children. Under the latest guidelines, the Directorate General of Health Services has particularly asked to avoid the use of Steroids and Remdesivir for treating COVID in children. Antonia Guterres voted as UN Secretary-General for the second term The Secretary-General of the UN Antonia Guterres has been voted for the second term of five years by the UN Security Council. Guterres has been serving as the Secretary-General since 2017 and his main agenda has been conflict resolution. Assam gets its 7th National Park Dehing-Patkai has been declared as the seventh National Park of Assam. The state has now the second-highest National Parks in the country after the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Madhya Pradesh. Raimona National Park was earlier declared as the sixth National Park of Assam. Google to build world’s longest undersea cable To connect Latin America and the US, Google will be building an undersea cable which will also be the world’s longest cable. It will further help in improving the access to different Google services in the South American Countries.

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