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English Articles 24.5.21

The Environment Ministers from the seven leading industrialized countries around the world on May 21, 2021, pledged to accelerate the efforts to slow global warming. The pledges by the ministers of the G7 group were part of a wide-ranging communique which was issued by the Group of Seven environment ministers after a virtual meeting from May 20 to May 21 hosted by the United Kingdom, which currently holds the G-7’s rotating presidency. The G7 includes Britain, the US, Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan. China, the world’s biggest source of carbon emissions is not a member of the group. While the commitments by the G7 group don’t cover other countries, the communique by the ministers includes a call for ‘all countries to join in this action'. Last week #G7 Climate & Environment Ministers agreed major action to tackle climate

• Apart from contributing to the efforts to slow down global warming, the ministers also committed to terminating government support for new coal-fired power plants by the end of 2021. • At the heart of the Communique issued by G-7 is also a commitment to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels, compared to the previous goal of 2 degrees. • The G-7 environment ministers also promised to combat overfishing and deforestation, to tackle the scourge of ocean plastic, and promote biodiversity, while seeking to prevent future outbreaks of diseases such as Coronavirus that spread from animals to humans. The statement by G-7 environment ministers came days after the International Energy Agency released a report mentioning that the governments need to speed up their efforts to reduce carbon dioxide as well as other greenhouse gases if they hope of reaching their goal of net-zero emissions by 2050. The report by IEA made series of recommendations. It included immediately ending the investment in new fossil fuel supply projects as well as stopping the sale of gasoline- and diesel-powered cars by 2035. As per IEA, the world has a viable pathway for building a global energy sector with net-zero emissions in 2050. However, it is extremely narrow and needs an unprecedented transformation of how energy is transported, produced, and used globally. IEA is a multilateral organization that provides analysis as well as policy recommendations on energy issues.

🛑Singapore authorities on May 24, 2021, provisionally approved a COVID-19 breathalyser test that determines if someone is COVID positive in less than a minute. Breathonix, a local startup from the National University of Singapore (NUS), stated that the company in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MOH), Singapore will run a deployment trial of the technology at one of the city-state’s border points with Malaysia. The Breathonix breathalyser test will be conducted with the compulsory COVID-19 rapid antigen test. Last year, the company reported 90 per cent accuracy in a pilot clinical trial of the breathalyser test held in Singapore. The company also informed that breathalyser was the first system to obtain provisional authorization. The websites of the Health Sciences Authority also confirmed the news of the approval.

Breathonix further said that it is having talks with local and international organizations to adopt the system. The Netherlands and Indonesia have also launched similar breath tests. •COVID-19 Breathalyzer test is a diagnostic medical testing device developed to detect coronavirus infection. •COVID-19 Breathalyser test developed by Breathonix, a local startup from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has shown results within a minute with 90 per cent or more accuracy. •The breathalyser test is conducted along with the compulsory COVID-19 rapid antigen test. •A person blows into a disposable one-way mouthpiece for breath sampling. Special software analyzes the Volatile Organic Compounds in a person’s breath for the presence of coronavirus. •If a person’s breath result returns positive, he or she must undergo Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) COVID-19 swab test. •The breathalyser test is available between S$5 ($3.76) to S$20 ($15.03) each. •The Ministry of Health, Singapore on May 24, 2021, reported 24 new cases of locally transmitted COVID-19 infection.

🛑After White Fungus and Black Fungus (Mucormycosis), now another fungal infection ‘Yellow Fungus’ has created a stir. The first case of yellow fungus was reported from Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh on May 24, 2021. Health experts state that Yellow Fungus is more dangerous than White and Black Fungus. Here is everything you need to know about the causes, symptoms, treatment of Yellow Fungus. •Yellow Fungus, dangerous than white or black fungus, is another fungal infection that has been attributed to COVID-19. Health experts say it is a fatal infection. •Yellow Fungus is commonly found in reptiles. The first case of Yellow Fungus in humans was reported in Ghaziabad in a 45-year-old man who had recovered from COVID-19.

•Yellow Fungus thrives in unhygienic and high humidity conditions, or consuming unhygienic food. •Environments with unsanitary conditions or humidity levels of more than 30 to 40 per cent are home to bacteria and fungus. Yellow Fungus grows internally with symptoms such as: •Weight loss •Extreme lethargy •Decrease in appetite or no appetite at all •Internal bleeding •Pus leakage •Organs failure •Malnutrition •Slow healing of wounds •Necrosis, in the worst case •The treatment for Yellow Fungus is like that of Black Fungus or White Fungus. The primary treatment is the anti-fungal infection Amphotericin-B. •Health experts state that healing Yellow Fungus takes longer compared to Black or White Fungus. India is currently battling over 9,000 cases of Black fungal infection (Mucormycosis). Most of the cases of fungal infection have been reported in people who recovered from COVID-19.

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